By | November 30, 2021


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  • by Anup Shah
  • This web page final up to date

It was with disbelief and shock that folks around the globe noticed footage of the terrorist assaults within the US on on September 11, 2001 when the planes-turned-missiles slammed into the World Commerce Middle towers and broken the Pentagon.

This finally resulted within the US declaring and waging a battle on terror. Osama Bin Laden was finally tracked down and killed some 10 years later. However the way in which the battle on terror has been performed has led to many voicing issues concerning the influence on civil liberties, the price of the extra safety centered modifications, the implications of the invasions and wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and extra.

Response to the September 11, 2001 occasions

With disbelief and shock around the globe individuals noticed the information footage of the occasions on September 11, 2001 when the planes-turned-missiles slammed into the World Commerce Middle towers and into the Pentagon. What might be the worst terrorist assault on the US, was completely inexcusable and roundly condemned.

Some 3000 had been killed. Preliminary fears had been that it was over 6000 Numerous elements for this revised quantity, had been mentioned to incorporate preliminary overestimates; a couple of particular person reporting the identical lacking particular person; heroic rescue operations, and many others. This decrease quantity doesn’t in any approach cut back the influence although.)

The next bombing of Afghanistan to assault Osama Bin Laden’s Al Qaeda terrorist community and the Taliban for harboring them has additionally led to some 3,500 civilian deaths, in line with an unbiased examine launched originally of December 2001.

The ghastly terrorist assaults led to a combination of political, social and financial response around the globe.

Hatred and anti-Islam sentiment, (with out distinguishing the despotic militants from peculiar Muslims) elevated, despite the fact that a lot of the Muslim communities around the globe condemned this act.

Whereas seen efforts had been seen by politicians to attempt to separate terrorists from Muslims generally, it has not been simple. On the one hand, after years of financial and geopolitical historical past, there are some facets of mistrust, whereas alternatively, extremists within the Muslim and Christian communities are including to the antagonisms. For instance, throughout the top of the shock and anger to the September 11 assaults, extremist tendencies within the West resulted in beatings and even killings of Muslims. Even non-Muslims that simply occurred to have lengthy beards or ultimately resembled Taliban/Al Qaeda members had been focused. Others noticed this as proof that Islam is inherently violent or that it’s the major risk to the remainder of the world, and many others. On the Muslim facet, there have additionally been equally excessive reactions, from help of those terrorist acts to even being satisfied that this was some type of Zionist conspiracy accountable Muslims! In each instances these appear to be a minority of individuals with such excessive views however after all the priority is all the time that it’s going to improve over time.

There was no query that there was going to be some type of retaliation and response from the US. One couldn’t have anticipated them significantly to chorus from desirous to take revenge. But the worry was in what type this revenge can be and the way it might be carried out in addition to what the influence on peculiar Afghans can be, who’ve already suffered by the hands of the Taliban and outdoors forces for years.

As well as, some eight months after the assaults it was revealed within the mainstream press around the globe that the CIA had warned George Bush of the threats weeks earlier than September 11. This induced an uproar in lots of locations, together with the US Congress, the place members demanded extra data to grasp if all these deaths may have been prevented.

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Ensuing Conflict on Terror

The horrible occasions of September 11 noticed the appreciable quieting of what was till then rising home and worldwide criticism of the Bush Administration. The September 11 occasions resulted in a battle on terror which noticed help for Bush and his reputation soar on the time.

As much as September 11, 2001, the Bush administration was being criticized around the globe for its stances on varied points domestically and internationally. Even European and different allies had been very essential of positions on quite a few international points.

However even earlier than the Bush Administration, all through the world, many countries and teams of individuals had expressed their frustrations at how U.S. overseas insurance policies had affected them on all kinds of points, starting from financial/globalization points which have deepened poverty and/or inequality for most individuals around the globe; geopolitics/arms/missile protection; environmental points and so forth. Protests both immediately, or not directly at U.S. insurance policies have occurred all around the globe—particularly on globalization points—as talked about on this website. (See the part on international protests for extra on that, for instance).

But that can not be an excuse for the atrocity of September 11 because it killed many harmless individuals. On the similar time, individuals have appropriately identified that when different areas around the globe have confronted related terrorist assaults, the outpouring of concern and condemnation has not been as a lot. The Washington Put up (September 12, 2001) even dared to confess this at such a delicate time shortly after the assaults. (Their article is not on-line.)

Nevertheless, behind the unity of the American individuals within the shock of September 11, a heightened sense of safety resulted with issues reverberating all through the world. Many had been involved concerning the ensuing crackdown of freedoms and civil liberties in varied nations. Many nervous that varied international locations around the globe would additionally use this battle on terror as an excuse to pursue extra aggressive choices on their very own residents.

For instance, contemplate the issues Amnesty Worldwide raised in October 2001, shortly after the September 11, 2001 assaults: Within the title of combating worldwide terrorism, governments have rushed to introduce draconian new measures that threaten the human rights of their very own residents, immigrants and refugees…. Governments have a duty to make sure the security of their residents, however measures taken should not undermine basic human rights requirements. It seems that a number of the initiatives presently being mentioned or carried out could also be used to curb primary human rights and to suppress inside opposition. A few of the definitions of terrorism beneath dialogue are so broad that they could possibly be used to criminalize anybody out of favor with these in energy and criminalize official peaceable train of the fitting to freedom of expression and affiliation. They might additionally put in danger the fitting to privateness and threaten the rights of minorities and asylum-seekers.

In Could 2003, Amnesty Worldwide charged, The battle on terror, removed from making the world a safer place, has made it extra harmful by curbing human rights, undermining the rule of worldwide regulation and shielding governments from scrutiny. It has deepened divisions amongst individuals of various faiths and origins, sowing the seeds for extra battle. The overwhelming influence of all that is real worry—among the many prosperous in addition to the poor.

Even within the U.S. a number of the ensuing insurance policies on how suspects might be handled, on how entry to non-public data might be made accessible for safety issues and so forth, led to debates in any respect ranges on what is taken into account an assault on civil liberties, and what’s cheap for safety. On the overseas coverage area, there was growing concern that the U.S. would have the ability to use the battle on terror to pursue aggressive insurance policies that had been beforehand criticized by many different individuals. This may vary from financial, to political and even army insurance policies. The Iraq battle was one such instance, the place amongst different issues, the priority of terrorism was used to justify a battle towards Iraq, despite the fact that the terrorism hyperlinks weren’t actual.

Additionally of significance, with its free definition of terror, there’s concern that the battle on terror , may also have an effect on all these working actually for peace and social justice for all, as even they’ll come beneath scrutiny for maybe appropriately criticizing insurance policies of any variety of nations and organizations around the globe, together with these from the West.

The battle on terror has in some respects, led to what has been described as a battle on freedom.

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Mainstream Media

Whereas residents in all places, particularly Individuals, had been rightly outraged on the assaults, the mainstream media has largely focused on the results, the assorted aftermaths and impacts, and reporting what political leaders are doing, saying or not doing, or not saying, and many others. They’ve additionally reported immense element on a number of the facets of the particular bombing in Afghanistan, and many others. As with most different conflicts in current historical past although, whereas huge in amount, media reporting seems comparatively missing in depth, historic context, and investigative evaluation on the causes that gasoline such outrageous militant extremism and terrorism.

The so-called vary of discourse then, is sort of slim, however inside it, protection is sort of detailed. The reporting of some facets is certainly very shifting and superb. There’s, nevertheless, acceptable criticism of some extremism creeping into some facets of the mainstream media as nicely, in sure circumstances. Importantly although, our vary of views can also be affected by the vary of discourse. That is particularly related now, as residents search solutions on how and why such a horrible atrocity could possibly be dedicated. (For extra on the protection of the media, with evaluation and critique of the mainstream media itself, see this website’s part: Conflict on Terror Mainstream Media and Propaganda)

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Will violence result in extra violence?

With all of the vivid imagery, we will solely now start to think about how different individuals and societies around the globe have suffered in different conditions. With typically worse outcomes, albeit not so sudden and stunning, complete cities/areas have been leveled and/or huge quantity of life has been misplaced in locations like Kosovo, Iraq, Democratic Republic of Congo, East Timor, Hiroshima/Nagasaki, throughout Europe throughout the World Wars, and too many different locations to have the ability to checklist right here.

With the US-led bombing marketing campaign on Afghanistan, there has all the time been an increasing number of concern about civilians being caught within the center. Certainly, by early December 2001, some 3,500 Afghan civilians had been believed to have been killed by U.S. bombing. Moreover, many help businesses criticized the meals drops for not delivering a lot precise help and being a token gesture, moderately than an efficient one.

Maybe one of many greatest fears, voiced earlier than the retaliation began, is that retaliated violence may lead to extra retaliated violence and we danger tit-for-tat violence that appears arduous to get out of. In all this, civilians on all sides will all the time be affected. We solely want remind ourselves of that shuddering speech by Osama Bin Laden on his threats of retaliation towards civilians and of assorted hawkish politicians within the West asking for the equal of no mercy. Martin Luther King is value quoting:

The last word weak point of violence is that it’s a descending spiral, begetting the very factor it seeks to destroy. As a substitute of diminishing evil, it multiplies it… Via violence you could homicide the hater, however you don’t homicide hate. Actually, violence merely will increase hate…. Returning violence for violence multiplies violence, including deeper darkness to an evening already devoid of stars. Darkness can’t drive out darkness; solely mild can do this. Hate can’t drive out hate; Solely love can do this.

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

But, how does one get out of this vicious circle? In fact it’s not simple, and even a number of the peace motion wrestle on this reply, however maybe if extra voice was given within the media to those broader views, then different ideas could possibly be thought of. True, extra on peace-related alternate options are mentioned in TV boards and debates, however with regards to the precise reporting and one-on-one dialogue and evaluation, the context is restricted to the present actions and choices. The discussions are due to this fact inside these confines, largely.

On the overseas coverage entrance, even current historical past of the final 50 years or so has been questionable by each Western leaders and Center Japanese leaders. For instance, the help by the west of brutal leaders within the center east has contributed to an extremist backlash. Of their combat to get the Soviet Union out of Afghanistan, Osama Bin Laden himself, in addition to different jihadists, had been supported by the US, encouraging the coaching of jihadists and the rise of miltantism to impress opposition to the communists. Because the article within the earlier hyperlink implies, whereas it appears that evidently the lesser of two evils was supported, maybe the long run penalties weren’t totally explored and it does appear that violence and worry breeds extra violence and worry.

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President Bush shedding the battle on terror

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On quite a few fronts there are a lot of, many issues happening which readers have requested me to put in writing on. It’s troublesome to maintain up with all of the angles with the view to put in writing on all of them. Consequently, for now, till I’m able to catch up, included under, beneath this part on the battle on terrorism are articles reposted from different internet sites and authors from around the globe that provide a wide range of deeper and wider views and views. They’re broadly categorized into the sections listed under, though many articles can simply match different classes too.

Additionally, within the Extra Data web page is a rising assortment of hyperlinks and sources to different internet sites that provide deeper views.

I don’t essentially agree with the entire views of all of the hyperlinks and sources offered, and not at all are they a complete checklist, moderately an instance.

A few of the extra mainstream sources focus way more on the results and aftermaths, whereas a number of the different sources additionally provide deeper evaluation on causes in addition to ramifications around the globe. These websites have extra hyperlinks that you would be able to observe to different internet sites. Extra websites might be added as time goes on.

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13 articles on “Conflict on Terror”: